Statistics & Estimates / Crop Estimates / 26 September 2019

Eighth production forecast for 2019 summer crops and second production forecast for 2019 winter cereals.
Agtste produksieskatting vir 2019 somergewasse en tweede produksieskatting vir 2019 wintergewasse.

Summer crops / Somergewasse
Area planted and eighth production forecast  2019  Oppervlakte- en agtste produksieskatting
Crop / Gewas Area planted
Oppervlakte beplant
Eighth forecast
Agtste skatting
Seventh forecast
Sewende skatting
Area planted
Oppervlakte beplant
Final crop
Finale oes
Change
Verandering
2019 2019 2019 2018 2018
Ha Tons Tons Ha Tons %
(A) (B) (C) (D) (E) (B) ÷ (C)
Commercial / Kommersieël
  White maize / Witmielies 1 298 400 5 538 240 5 572 240 1 268 100 6 540 000 -0.61
  Yellow maize / Geelmielies 1 002 100 5 542 720 5 444 420 1 050 750 5 970 000 +1.81
Total Maize / Totale Mielies 2 300 500 11 080 960 11 016 660 2 318 850 12 510 000 +0.58
Sunflower seed / Sonneblomsaad 515 350 680 940 680 940 601 500 862 000
Soybeans / Sojabone 730 500 1 170 345 1 170 345 787 200 1 540 000
Groundnuts / Grondbone 20 050 19 455 18 880 56 300 57 000 +3.05
Sorghum 50 500 139 850 147 300 28 800 115 000 -5.06
Dry beans / Droëbone 59 300 66 355 66 355 53 360 69 360
Non-commercial maize / Nie-Kommersiële mielies
Total maize / Totaal mielies 296 000 549 180 549 180 314 835 593 975
Commercial + Non-commercial maize / Kommersieël + Nie-kommersiële mielies
Total maize RSA Totaal mielies 2 596 500 11 630 140 11 565 840 2 633 685 13 103 975 +0.56

Note:  Estimate is for calendar year, for example production season 2018/19 = 2019
Nota:  Skatting is vir kalenderjaar, byvoorbeeld produksie-seisoen 2018/19 = 2019

Total maize / Sonneblomsaad
Production   2010-2019   Produksie
Total maize production graph: 2010-2019
White maize / Witmielies
Production   2010-2019   Produksie
Graph of white maize production: 2010-2019
Yellow maize / Geelmielies
Production   2010-2019   Produksie
Yellow maize production graph: 2010-2019
White and Yellow maize / Wit- en Geelmielies
Area planted and eighth production forecast  2019  Oppervlakte- en agtste produksieskatting
Area planted
Oppervlakte beplant
Eighth forecast
Agste skatting
Area planted
Oppervlakte beplant
Final crop ¹
Finale oes ¹
2019 2019 2018 2018
White
Wit
Yellow
Geel
Total
Totaal
White
Wit
Yellow
Geel
Total
Totaal
White
Wit
Yellow
Geel
Total
Totaal
White
Wit
Yellow
Geel
Total
Totaal
Ha Ha Ha Tons Tons Tons Ha Ha Ha Tons Tons Tons
Western Cape / Wes-Kaap
400 3 400 3 800 3 600 30 600 34 200 0 3 750 3 750 0 33 750 33 750
Northern Cape / Noord-Kaap
3 400 43 500 46 900 39 440 630 750 670 190 3 600 43 000 46 600 41 300 628 000 669 300
Free State / Vrystaat
650 000 380 000 1 030 000 2 795 000 1 634 000 4 429 000 644 000 410 000 1 054 000 3 350 000 1 925 000 5 275 000
Eastern Cape / Oos-Kaap
3 800 10 200 14 000 22 800 67 320 90 120 3 500 11 000 14 500 21 700 71 500 93 200
KwaZulu-Natal
45 000 54 000 99 000 270 000 394 200 664 200 45 000 50 000 95 000 280 000 380 000 660 000
Mpumalanga
145 000 338 000 483 000 797 500 1 926 600 2 724 100 140 000 340 000 480 000 812 000 2 005 000 2 817 000
Limpopo
12 800 18 000 30 800 83 200 117 000 200 200 12 000 21 000 33 000 90 000 141 700 231 700
Gauteng
48 000 60 000 108 000 259 200 248 000 607 200 50 000 62 000 112 000 275 000 356 500 631 500
North West / Noordwes
390 000 95 000 485 000 1 267 500 394 250 1 661 750 370 000 110 000 480 000 1 670 000 428 550 2 098 550
Total / Totaal
1 298 400 1 002 100 2 300 500 5 538 240 5 542 720 11 080 960 1 268 100 1 050 750 2 318 850 6 540 000 5 970 000 12 510 000
Sunflower seed / Sonneblomsaad
Area planted and eighth production forecast  2019  Oppervlakte- en agtste produksieskatting
Province / Provinsie Area planted
Oppervlakte beplant
Eighth forecast
Agtste skatting
Area planted
Oppervlakte beplant
Final crop
Finale oes
Ha Tons Ha Tons
2019 2019 2018 2018
Western Cape / Wes-Kaap 100 100
Northern Cape / Noord-Kaap 950 1 140 1 600 1 920
Free State / Vrystaat 270 000 391 500 314 000 490 000
Eastern Cape / Oos-Kaap 100 250
KwaZulu-Natal
Mpumalanga 4 500 4 500 2 300 2 180
Limpopo 61 000 61 000 45 000 36 000
Gauteng 3 800 3 800 5 500 5 600
North West / Noordwes 175 000 218 750 233 000 326 200
Total / Totaal 515 350 680 940 601 500 862 000
Soybeans / Sojabone
Area planted and eighth production forecast  2019  Oppervlakte- en agtste produksieskatting
Province / Provinsie Area planted
Oppervlakte beplant
Eighth forecast
Agtste skatting
Area planted
Oppervlakte beplant
Final crop
Finale oes
Ha Tons Ha Tons
2019 2019 2018 2018
Western Cape / Wes-Kaap 100 10 800 1 200
Northern Cape / Noord-Kaap 1 550 5 425 3 000 10 500
Free State / Vrystaat 301 000 391 300 345 000 552 000
Eastern Cape / Oos-Kaap 1 150 1 380 2 400 2 900
KwaZulu-Natal 33 000 99 000 40 000 124 000
Mpumalanga 310 000 511 500 310 000 672 700
Limpopo 16 200 46 980 20 000 54 000
Gauteng 31 500 66 150 30 000 61 500
North West / Noordwes 36 000 48 600 36 000 61 200
Total / Totaal 730 500 1 170 345 787 200 1 540 000
Groundnuts / Grondbone
Area planted and eighth production forecast  2019  Oppervlakte- en agtste produksieskatting
Province / Provinsie Area planted
Oppervlakte beplant
Eighth forecast
Agtste skatting
Area planted
Oppervlakte beplant
Final crop
Finale oes
Ha Tons Ha Tons
2019 2019 2018 2018
Western Cape / Wes-Kaap
Northern Cape / Noord-Kaap 1 200 2 520 2 800 7 000
Free State / Vrystaat 11 500 9 200 22 000 21 150
Eastern Cape / Oos-Kaap
KwaZulu-Natal
Mpumalanga
Limpopo 1 850 3 885 3 500 7 350
Gauteng
North West / Noordwes 5 500 3 850 28 000 21 500
Total / Totaal 20 050 19 455 56 300 57 000
Dry beans / Droëbone
Area planted and eighth production forecast  2019  Oppervlakte- en agtste produksieskatting
Province / Provinsie Area planted
Oppervlakte beplant
Eighth forecast
Agtste skatting
Area planted
Oppervlakte beplant
Final crop
Finale oes
Ha Tons Ha Tons
2019 2019 2018 2018
Western Cape / Wes-Kaap 100 180 20 30
Northern Cape / Noord-Kaap 1 000 1 400 540 1 080
Free State / Vrystaat 27 000 28 350 26 000 28 600
Eastern Cape / Oos-Kaap 400 720 300 450
KwaZulu-Natal 3 500 4 025 3 000 3 600
Mpumalanga 7 500 6 750 7 000 9 800
Limpopo 7 800 12 480 7 500 15 000
Gauteng 1 500 1 950 1 000 1 200
North West / Noordwes 10 500 10 500 8 000 9 600
Total / Totaal 59 300 66 355 53 360 69 360
Sorghum
Area planted and eighth production forecast  2019  Oppervlakte- en agtste produksieskatting
Province / Provinsie Area planted
Oppervlakte beplant
Eighth forecast
Agtste skatting
Area planted
Oppervlakte beplant
Final crop
Finale oes
Ha Tons Ha Tons
2019 2019 2018 2018
Western Cape / Wes-Kaap
Northern Cape / Noord-Kaap
Free State / Vrystaat 8 000 24 800 6 300 25 200
Eastern Cape / Oos-Kaap
KwaZulu-Natal 500 1 500 500 2 200
Mpumalanga 7 500 37 500 7 500 40 500
Limpopo 25 000 55 000 5 000 15 500
Gauteng 1 000 3 200 1 500 4 950
North West / Noordwes 8 500 17 850 8 000 26 650
Total / Totaal 50 500 139 850 28 800 115 000

Summer crops / Somergewasse
Area estimate and eighth production forecast (2019) / Oppervlakte- en agtste produksieskatting (2019)

Summer field crops – 2019

Commercial maize: The size of the expected commercial maize crop has been set at 11,081 million tons, which is 0,58% or 64 300 tons more than the previous forecast of 11,017 million tons. The area estimate for maize is 2,301 million ha, while the expected yield is 4,82 t/ha.

The estimated maize crop is 11% smaller than the 2018 crop. The three main maize producing areas, namely the Free State, Mpumalanga and North West provinces are expected to produce 80% of the 2019 crop.

The area estimate for white maize is 1,298 million ha and for yellow maize the area estimate is 1,002 million ha.

The production forecast of white maize decreased by 0,61% or 34 000 tons, from 5,572 million tons to 5,538 million tons. The yield for white maize is 4,27 t/ha. In the case of yellow maize the production forecast is 5,543 million tons, which is 1,81% or 98 300 tons more than the 5,444 million tons of the previous forecast. The yield for yellow maize is 5,53 t/ha.

Sunflower seed: The production forecast for sunflower seed remained unchanged at 680 940 tons. The area estimate for sunflower seed is 515 350 ha, while the expected yield is 1,32 t/ha.

Other crops

The production forecast for soybeans also remained unchanged at 1,170 million tons. The estimated area planted to soybeans is 730 500 ha and the expected yield is 1,60 t/ha.

The expected groundnut crop increased by 3,05% or 575 tons to 19 455 tons, with an expected yield of 0,97 t/ha. The area estimate for groundnuts is 20 050 ha.

The production forecast for sorghum decreased by 5,06% or 7 450 tons, from 147 300 tons to 139 850 tons. The area estimate for sorghum is 50 500 ha and the expected yield is 2,77 t/ha.

In the case of dry beans, the production forecast remained unchanged at 66 355 tons. The area estimate of dry beans is 59 300 ha, with an expected yield of 1,12 t/ha.


Please note that the ninth production forecast for summer field crops for 2019 will be released on 24 October 2019.

Information is available on the internet at:
www.daff.gov.za/daffweb3/Home/Crop-Estimates or:
www.sagis.org.za, as from 14:30 on the date of the relevant meeting of the Crop Estimates Committee.

Somergewasse – 2019

Kommersiële mielies: Die grootte van die verwagte kommersiële mielie-oes is op 11,081 miljoen ton gestel, wat 0,58% of 64 300 ton meer is as die vorige skatting van 11,017 miljoen ton. Die skatting van die oppervlakte onder mielies is 2,301 miljoen ha, terwyl die verwagte opbrengs 4,82 t/ha is.

Die geskatte mielie-oes is 11% kleiner as die 2018-oes. Die drie belangrikste mielieproduserende gebiede, naamlik die Vrystaat, Mpumalanga en Noordwes provinsies, gaan na verwagting 80% van die 2019-oes produseer.

Die oppervlak onder witmielies is 1,298 miljoen ha en vir geel­mielies is die oppervlak 1,002 miljoen ha.

Die produksieskatting van witmielies het afgeneem met 0,61% of 34 000 ton, van 5,572 mill. ton na 5,538 miljoen ton. Die opbrengs van witmielies is 4,27 t/ha. In die geval van geelmielies is die produksieskatting 5,543 miljoen ton, wat 1,81% of 98 300 ton meer is as die 5,444 miljoen ton van die vorige skatting. Die opbrengs van geelmielies is 5,53 t/ha.

Sonneblomsaad: Die produksieskatting vir sonne­blomsaad is onveranderd gelaat op 680 940 ton. Die oppervlakteskatting vir sonneblomsaad is 515 350 ha, terwyl die verwagte opbrengs 1,32 t/ha is.

Ander gewasse

Die produksieskatting van sojabone is ook onveranderd gelaat op 1,170 miljoen ton. Die geskatte oppervlakte beplant van sojabone is 730 500 ha en die verwagte opbrengs is 1,60 t/ha.

Die verwagte grondbone-oes het toegeneem met 3,05% of 575 ton na 19 455 ton, met 'n verwagte opbrengs van 0,97 t/ha. Die oppervlakte­skatting vir grondbone is 20 050 ha.

Die produksieskatting van sorghum het afgeneem met 5,06% of 7 450 ton, van 147 300 ton tot 139 850 ton. Die oppervlakte­skatting vir sorghum is 50 500 ha, en die verwagte opbrengs is 2,77 t/ha.

In die geval van droëbone is die produksieskatting onveranderd gelaat op 66 355 ton. Die oppervlakte beplant met droëbone is 59 300 ha, en die verwagte opbrengs is 1,12 t/ha.


Neem asseblief kennis dat die negende produk­sieskatting vir somer­gewasse vir 2019, op 24 Oktober 2019 vrygestel sal word.

Inligting is beskikbaar op die internet by:
www.daff.gov.za/daffweb3/Home/Crop-Estimates of by:
www.sagis.org.za, vanaf 14:30 op die dag van die toepaslike vergadering van die Oesskattingskomitee.

Non-commercial maize / Nie-kommersiële mielies
Area planted and production estimate  2019  Oppervlakte en produksieskatting
Crop / Gewas Area planted
Oppervlakte beplant
Production
Produksie
Area planted
Oppervlakte beplant
Final crop
Finale oes
Change
Verandering
2019 2019 2018 2018
Ha Tons Ha Tons %
(A) (B) (C) (D) (B) ÷ (D)
Non-commercial agriculture / Nie-kommersiële landbou
  White maize / Witmielies 221 300 379 460 236 644 414 162 -8.38
  Yellow maize / Geelmielies 74 700 169 720 78 191 179 813 -5.61
Maize / Mielies 296 000 549 180 314 835 593 975 -7.54

The preliminary area planted to maize in the non-commercial agricultural sector is estimated at 296 000 ha, which represents a decrease of 5,98%, compared to the 314 835 ha of the previous season. The expected maize crop for this sector is 549 180 tons, which is 7,54% less than the 593 975 tons of last season. It is important to note that about 43% of the maize produced in the non-commercial sector, is planted in the Eastern Cape, followed by KwaZulu-Natal with 27%.

Die voorlopige oppervlakte beplant met mielies in die nie-kommersiële landbou-sektor word geskat op 296 000 ha, wat 'n afname van 5,98% verteenwoordig in vergelyking met die 314 835 ha van die vorige seisoen. Die verwagte mielie-oes van dié sektor is 549 180 ton, wat 7,54% minder is as die 593 975 ton van die vorige seisoen. Dit is belangrik om daarop te let dat ongeveer 43% van die mielies wat geproduseer word in die nie-kommersiële sektor, in die Oos-Kaap geplant word, gevolg deur KwaZulu-Natal met 27%.

Non-commercial maize / Nie-kommersiële mielies
Area   2000-2019   Oppervlakte
Non-commercial maize: area planted (2000 to 2019 season)
Non-commercial maize / Nie-kommersiële mielies
Production   2000-2019   Produksie
Non-commercial maize: production (2000 to 2019 season)
Winter cereals / Wintergewasse
Revised area planted and second production forecast  2019  Hersiene oppervlakte- en tweede produksieskatting
Crop / Gewas Area planted
Oppervlakte beplant
Second forecast
Tweede skatting
First forecast
Eerste skatting
Area planted
Oppervlakte beplant
Final crop
Finale oes
Change / Verandering
2019 2019 2019 2018 2018
Ha Tons Tons Ha Tons %
(A) (B) (C) (D) (E) (B) ÷ (C)
Commercial / Kommersieël
Wheat / Koring 540 000 1 806 170 1 915 650 503 350 1 868 000 -5.72
Malting barley / Moutgars 131 960 389 260 401 460 119 000 421 790 -3.04
Canola 74 000 88 800 103 600 77 000 104 500 -14.29
Cereal oats / Hawermout 27 200 36 460 40 000 19 235 32 700 -8.85

Note:  Estimate is for calendar year, for example production season 2019/20 = 2020
Nota:  Skatting is vir kalenderjaar, byvoorbeeld produksie-seisoen 2019/20 = 2020

Wheat / Koring
Revised area planted and second production forecast  2019  Hersiene oppervlakte- en tweede produksieskatting
Province / Provinsie Area planted
Oppervlakte beplant
Second forecast
Tweede skatting
Area planted
Oppervlakte beplant
Final crop
Finale oes
2019 2019 2018 2018
Ha Tons Ha Tons
Western Cape / Wes-Kaap 325 000 780 000 318 000 890 500
Northern Cape / Noord-Kaap 37 500 281 250 38 000 294 500
Free State / Vrystaat 128 000 435 200 100 000 385 000
Eastern Cape / Oos-Kaap 3 100 19 220 1 650 10 730
KwaZulu-Natal 7 500 45 750 7 000 43 400
Mpumalanga 4 000 26 000 3 500 22 740
Limpopo 20 000 128 000 20 000 128 000
Gauteng 1 400 8 400 1 200 7 800
North West / Noordwes 13 500 82 350 14 000 85 330
Total / Totaal 540 000 1 806 170 503 350 1 868 000

Note:  Estimate is for calendar year, for example production season 2019/20 = 2020
Nota:  Skatting is vir kalenderjaar, byvoorbeeld produksie-seisoen 2019/20 = 2020

Wheat / Koring
Production   2010-2019   Produksie
Graph of total wheat production: 2010-2019
RSA Malting barley / RSA Moutgars
Production   2010-2019   Produksie
Malting barley production: 2010-2019 (graph)
RSA Canola
Production   2010-2019   Produksie
Canola production graph: 2010-2019

Winter cereal crops / Wintergewasse
Revised area estimate and second production forecast for 2019 / Hersiene oppervlakte- en tweede produksiekskatting vir 2019

Winter cereal crops – 2019

Wheat

The expected production of wheat is 1,806 million tons, which is 5,72% or 109 480 tons less than the previous forecast of 1,916 million tons, whilst the expected yield is 3,34 t/ha.

The expected production in the Western Cape is 780 000 tons (43%), in the Free State 435 200 tons (24%) and in the Northern Cape 281 250 tons (16%).

The area estimate for wheat was revised to 540 000 ha, which is 3 000 ha higher than the 537 000 ha of the previous forecast. An estimated 325 000 ha or 60% is planted in the Western Cape, 128 000 ha or 24% in the Free State and 37 500 ha or 7% in the Northern Cape.

Other crops

The production forecast for malting barley is 389 260 tons, which is 3,04% or 12 200 tons less than the previous forecast of 401 460 tons. The area planted is estimated at 131 960 ha, while the expected yield is 2,95 t/ha.

The expected canola crop is 88 800 tons, which is 14,29% or 14 800 tons less than the previous forecast of 103 600 tons. The area estimate for canola is 74 000 ha, with an expected yield of 1,20 t/ha.

The revised area estimate for oats (cereals) for the 2019 season is 27 200 ha and the expected crop is 36 460 tons. The expected yield is 1,34 t/ha.


Please note that the third production forecast for winter cereals for 2019 will be released on 24 October 2019.

Information is available on the internet at:
www.daff.gov.za/daffweb3/Home/Crop-Estimates or:
www.sagis.org.za, as from 15:30 on the date of the relevant meeting of the Crop Estimates Committee.

Wintergewasse – 2019

Koring

Die verwagte produksie vir koring is 1,806 miljoen ton, wat 5,72% of 109 480 ton minder is as die vorige skatting van 1,916 miljoen ton, terwyl die verwagte opbrengs 3,34 t/ha is.

Die verwagte produksie in die Wes-Kaap is 780 000 ton (43%), in die Vrystaat 435 200 ton (24%) en in die Noord-Kaap 281 250 ton (16%).

Die oppervlakteskatting vir koring is hersien na 540 000 ha, wat 3 000 ha hoër is as die 537 000 ha teenoor die vorige skatting. Die beraamde oppervlakte geplant in die Wes-Kaap is 325 000 ha of 60%, die Vrystaat is 128 000 ha of 24% en 37 500 ha of 7% is in die Noord-Kaap.

Ander gewasse

Die produksieskatting vir moutgars is 389 260 ton, wat 3,04% of 12 200 ton minder is as die vorige skatting van 401 460 ton. Die oppervlakte beplant word beraam op 131 960 ha, terwyl die verwagte opbrengs 2,95 t/ha beloop.

Die verwagte canola-oes is 88 800 ton, wat 14,29% of 14 800 ton minder is as die vorige skatting van 103 600 ton. Die opper­vlakteskatting vir canola is 74 000 ha, met 'n verwagte opbrengs van 1,20 t/ha.

Die hersiene oppervlakteskatting vir hawer (ontbytgraan) vir die 2019-seisoen is 27 200 ha en die verwagte oes is 36 460 ton. Die verwagte opbrengs is 1,34 t/ha.


Neem asseblief kennis dat die derde produksieskatting vir wintergewasse vir 2019 op 24 Oktober 2019 vrygestel sal word.

Inligting is beskikbaar op die internet by:
www.daff.gov.za/daffweb3/Home/Crop-Estimates of by:
www.sagis.org.za, vanaf 15:30 op die dag van die toepaslike vergadering van die Oesskattingskomitee.

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